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How To Know Your Skin Type

How to know your skin type

Before we jump into some of our tips on how to know your skin type, let’s first answer the question why do I need to know my skin type?

  • Helps you choose the right skincare regimen and products
  • Prevents premature aging caused by using the wrong products
  • You become happier and it boosts your mood because you look better
  • Saves you money in the long run because prevention is better than correction.
  • Boosts your confidence, self esteem and makes you feel better about yourself

Yearning to be more attractive and appealing is something innately scribed in everyone’s DNA. Nobody wants to look 30 years older than they are let alone 10. We all want to be perceived as good looking and as young as we possibly can, even as we age.

In the quest of achieving this elusive yet tangible goal, a lot of us embark on our skin care journeys without first understanding skin types. To put it simply, the foundation of having radiant skin is being aware of the fundamental nature of your skin. How it reacts, feels and looks. From there everything else will fall in place in terms of regimen. 

If you don’t have that information at hand, you run the risk of doing more harm than good to your skin. Oftentimes, we make the mistake of using any and every product hoping to get flawless skin, only to end up disappointed. For starters, a lot of the cosmetic products out there lack natural ingredients. 

Others contain very strong fragrances that can worsen or aggravate existing conditions, especially if you have sensitive skin. That’s why at Lowen’s Natural, we formulate all our products using organic and natural ingredients. We take into consideration every skin type and craft our products to cater to their specific needs. We also make sure that all our products are paraben, formaldehydes and phthalates free.

Zones

To understand skin types, let us first look at zones. Our faces are divided into two main parts as far as skincare is concerned. 

  • T-zone
  • C-zone

The T-zone is basically the area around the center of your forehead, down to your nose and chin. It forms a letter T hence the name T-zone. C-zone on the other hand encompasses the outer portion of your face, the areas surrounding the T-Zone. These are your chicks, jawline and chin.

how to know your skin type
All skin type cleanser

How to know your skin type

To determine your skin type, wash your face preferably with water only before going to bed. Next day in the morning, wash your face again and avoid using a moisturizing or soap based cleanser. They tend to hydrate and leave a film on your skin which will in turn misguide or give you incorrect results. 

Also, do not over wash your face because you don’t want to dry it out. Avoid rooms with artificial air conditioners or heaters. Wait for an hour or two and refrain from touching your face. Now take a piece of tissue or blotting paper and dab it on your face, particularly the T and C-zones but separately.

Skin types

Normal skin

If there are no traces of oil on the tissue paper and if it does not stick on your face, you have normal skin. When both oil and water contents (i.e. sebum and moisture) are balanced, you get normal skin. Your face also looks radiant, barely has visible pores and it’s neither dry nor oily. 

Dry skin

If both the T and C-zones are dry, chances are you have dry skin. The tissue or blotting paper has no trace of oil or moisture. If you’re sitting in front of a mirror you’ll also notice that your skin looks a bit stretchy, stripped, dehydrated or flaky. Fine lines and wrinkles might be visible as well and your skin could appear dull. Dryness can be caused by various factors including low sebum production. 

Combination skin

If you have an oily T-zone and a normal or dry C-zone, you have combo skin. This type of skin occurs when there’s a deficiency of lipids in certain parts of the face. Furthermore, it’s aggravated by over production of sebum in various parts of your face especially the T-zone.  Combination skin can also be caused by genetics as well as other factors which we’ll touch on shortly.

Oily/ Acne prone skin

You have oily skin if both the T and C-zones are oily. If you look in the mirror you’ll notice large pores around your T-zone, especially the forehead. Oily skin also tends to be shinny because of excess oil production which occurs because the sebaceous glands are overactive.

In fact, when you touch your skin, you’ll notice it’s a bit sticky or greasy. The excessive oil produced tends to make oily skin prone to acne and whiteheads.

Sensitive skin

This is skin that essentially exhibits a lower tolerance to certain cosmetic products. Symptoms include itchiness, redness, peeling and burning among others. It is important however, to note that sensitive skin is not a disease. It’s a reaction which can be indicative of other underlying conditions. With the right products and routine, people with sensitive skin can have flawless skin too.

how to know your face skin type
Moisturizer for sensitive skin

Factors that affect skin type 

  • Status of your skin

Skin is made up of different layers with the outermost part being the skin barrier. Cumulatively, these layers play diverse roles geared towards protecting the face and the body. The skin barrier helps stop toxins from penetrating your skin and causing it harm. Additionally, it prevents water content from evaporating therefore helping you avoid having dehydrated skin.

Skin barrier is sometimes referred to as the brick wall because it’s made up of corneocytes (the brick) and lipids (mortar). Corneocytes are simply skin cells that contain keratin and natural moisturizers, while lipids contain ceramides, cholesterol and fatty acids.

The oil factor adds suppleness, while the natural moisturizing factor hydrates your skin from inside out. The water content in your skin adds elasticity. If there’s an imbalance, any of the other skin types can occur except normal skin. 

Other factors

  • Seasonal/ climate change
  • Medication (diuretics, statins, isotretinoin)
  • Hormonal changes
  • Exposure to UV rays
  • Lifestyle (diet, stress, smoking)
  • Environment (dust and pollution)
  • Aging (reduced sebum production)

Our products that can be used for different skin types

All purpose balms

Super Salve – All Purpose Skin Solution – Dry, combination and annoyed skin

Make Room Body Balm – all skin types

Moisturizer 

Caf-A-OK – Lotion That Makes You Happy! – All skin types including sensitive

Rub it in Why Don’t Ya! Lotion – all skin types but particularly sensitive skin

Cleanser

You Sure Clean Up Nice! Face and Body Wash – all skin types

Exfoliating scrub

Salt of the Earth Salt Scrub

Mark Odecho

I am a Kenyan based writer with a passion for stories that revolve around people of African descent all around the world. I tend to gravitate more towards: history, self-worth, self-love and achievements just to name a few.

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